In electrochemical energy conversion and storage, existing catalysts often contain a high percentage of noble metals such as Pt and Pd. In order to develop low-cost electrocatalysts, one of the effective strategies involves alloying noble metals with other transition metals. This strategy promises not only significant reduction of noble metals but also the tunability for enhanced catalytic activity and stability in comparison with conventional catalysts. In this report, some of the recent approaches to developing alloy catalysts for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells will be highlighted. Selected examples will be also discussed to highlight insights into the structural and electrocatalytic properties of nanoalloy catalysts, which have implications for the design of low-cost, active, and durable catalysts for electrochemical energy production and conversion reactions.
Shan, S., Wu, J., Kang, N., Cronk, H., Zhao, Y., Zhao, W., ... & Zhong, C. J. (2015). Nanoscale alloying in electrocatalysts. Catalysts, 5(3), 1465-1478.
Shan, Shiyao; Wu, Jinfang F.; Kang, Ning; Cronk, Hannah; Zhao, Yinguang G.; Zhao, Wei; Skeete, Zakiya; Pharrah, Joseph; Trimm, Bryan; Luo, Jin; and Zhong, Chuan-Jian, "Nanoscale Alloying in Electrocatalysts" (2015). Chemistry Faculty Scholarship. 4.