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Abstract

Farming is typically associated with rural environments. The Dubois Site in Albany, New York, however, presented an opportunity to look at a farmstead close to a growing urban center during the second half of the 19th century. The excavations of the Dubois Site are discussed and the results are compared to the more rural Porter Site, a contemporary 19th-century farmstead. The comparison examines how the different contexts might have impacted consumption and production at the two farms, as well as the treatment of the farmstead landscapes. The two New York sites are then contrasted with four contemporary farm sites in southeastern Vermont. The results indicate that some farmers, although rural, were fully immersed in the late 19th-century market in terms of consumption and production. In contrast, data from the Vermont sites indicate that some farmers remained tied to local markets and did not participate in the wider national market.

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