Faculty Sponsor

Lina Begdache


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death among Americans. There are many comorbidities that exist with CVD, such as insulin-dependent diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and others. Mental distress such as anxiety and depression are comorbidities associated with CVD as well. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential factors that could possibly affect mental health in CVD patients. A de-identified database obtained from United Health Services - Cardiology Department in Binghamton, New York included medical records of 68,647 patients. Using Chi-Square statistical analysis, many variables were associated with anxiety and depression in CVD patients. These variables included gender, age, insulin-dependent diabetes, hypertension, cancer malignant, obesity, heart failure, coronary artery disease, and long-term use of antibiotic. To our knowledge, no study has investigated the combination of these factors in association with mental distress in CVD patients. Findings from this study will have the potential to contribute to better predictive ability of mental distress in CVD patients.