Document Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

John Frazier


Over the last few decades in the United States, Public Private Partnerships have become essential devices to city development and redevelopment. This study examines the uses of Public Private Partnerships within the discipline of Economic Development. The cities researched are located in the Rust Belt region of the United States and their economies have experienced a drastic decline over the last half-century. This research reveals the economic impacts on these shrinking cities that have had programs and projects implemented through the agreements and workings of the public and private sectors. Several factors are analyzed to determine what constitutes the (un)successful and (un)satisfactory outcomes of these projects. Ultimately, improvements to these plans are suggested that could be enacted to ensure they are as sustainable and equitable as possible.

Included in

Geography Commons