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Capsule Endoscopes, Capsule Endoscopy, Equipment Design, Gastrointestinal Tract/physiology, Humans, Wireless Technology


Wireless capsule endoscopy for gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a modern technology that has the potential to replace conventional endoscopy techniques. Capsule endoscopy is a pill-shaped device embedded with a camera, a coin battery, and a data transfer. Without a locomotion system, this capsule endoscopy can only passively travel inside the GI tract via natural peristalsis, thus causing several disadvantages such as inability to control and stop, and risk of capsule retention. Therefore, a locomotion system needs to be added to optimize the current capsule endoscopy. This review summarizes the state-of-the-art locomotion methods along with the desired locomotion features such as size, speed, power, and temperature and compares the properties of different methods. In addition, properties and motility mechanisms of the GI tract are described. The main purpose of this review is to understand the features of GI tract and diverse locomotion methods in order to create a future capsule endoscopy compatible with GI tract properties.


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Publisher Attribution

Liu, L., Towfighian, S., & Hila, A. (2015). A review of locomotion systems for capsule endoscopy. IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 8, 138-151. doi:10.1109/RBME.2015.2451031



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