Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2013


nonprofit management education, accountability, transparency, Ecuador


A demand for nonprofit management training and organizational capacity building exists in Latin America. However, few nonprofit management education (NME) programs in Latin America exist, and there is limited content related to ethics, transparency, and accountability. Using the case of Ecuador, we identify three strategies implemented by nonprofit leaders to cope with limited NME. We find that first, organizations engage in a process of collectivity that seeks to explore and give meaning to civil society in Ecuador. Second, this process leads to the production of knowledge about civil society in Ecuador. And third, based on both the process of collectivity and knowledge production, nonprofit leaders in Ecuador take ownership in the training of nonprofit leaders through several pilot courses related to transparency and accountability. The case of Ecuador reminds public affairs educators that organizations themselves can be successful producers of knowledge that can and should create and inform curricular content.

Publisher Attribution

Appe, S., & Barragán, D. (2013). Strategies Outside the Formal Classroom: Nonprofit Management Education in Transparency and Accountability. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 19(4), 591-614. Retrieved from

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