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Human Rights Watch issued a report in 2005 which “documented domestic work [in Morocco] by girls as young as five years old, some of whom worked for as little as US4¢ an hour, for 100 or more hours per week, without rest breaks or days off.” This report would become the basis of a follow up report conducted in 2012 that addressed the exploitative conditions of child domestic labor. How do these conditions create an environment that prevents these child laborers from attending school? How does this contribute to future inequalities? Employment of these children violates the ratification of international covenants and laws on child labor, and minimal advancement has been made to protect child laborers in the countries of North Africa. Young girls are continuously abused and forced to work long hours for indecent wages in private homes in North Africa. Horizontal inequalities are inequalities among groups with a similar social, political, or economic identity. The study of human rights violations occurring in North Africa consists of identifying how the exploitation and powerlessness of child domestic laborers make them uniquely susceptible to structural oppression and how minimal educational opportunities for these children forces them into the unprofessional sector of labor and leads to increased horizontal inequalities. The examination of the US Department of Labor’s labor rights reports and US State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices from 2009 to 2019 provides the necessary data to analyze the level of government respect for internationally recognized worker’s rights. Analyzing how child labor violations in North Africa has been damaging to children and informing the world of the atrocities occurring in other countries will bring these violations to the forefront, and allow governments and other stakeholders to put pressure on violators to change their policies and actions.



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Child Domestic Laborers’ Vulnerability To Horizontal Inequality