More than two billion individuals do not have access to basic sanitation. These people are susceptible to typhoid fever, an illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. Spread through the contamination of food and water and human-to-human contact, eleven to twenty million individuals fall ill to typhoid each year, and between one hundred and two hundred thousand individuals pass away. Recorded as early as 430 BCE, the disease is predominant in low-income countries that have insufficient medical facilities, surveillance systems, and sanitation services. These numbers are merely approximations as the countries most directly impacted by typhoid do not have the proper equipment to test, track, and report the virus. The disease remains a threat that has yet to be adequately addressed by global medical communities. Although organizations such as WHO and UNICEF work to campaign against typhoid fever, with numbers so high, it appears not enough is being done. Is it feasible to eradicate typhoid fever globally, and what more can be done? This is the question I aim to address. In my research, I examine different studies published by epidemiologists and other medical experts on typhoid trends, impacted communities, and first-hand accounts to assess past and current typhoid eradication efforts. I anticipate finding evidence supporting the low possibility of typhoid eradication. My objective is to not only educate individuals on typhoid fever but also propose possible short-term and long-term solutions to mitigate typhoid numbers.
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Camilleri, Madeline, "(T.T) Tracking Typhoid: Is Typhoid Eradication Possible?" (2022). Research Days Posters 2022. 102.