The Effect of Exercise and Dietary Patterns on Mental Health Disorder before, during, and late COVID-19 on Males and Females The emerging field of nutritional neuroscience has revealed the modulatory role of diet and sleep on mental health. Nutrients such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish, and whole grains were described as supporting brain functions, and sleep deprivation has been associated with a disruption in brain functions. Exercise is another effective modulator of mental health. The outbreak of the global pandemic Covid-19 has produced a sudden disruption in people's routines. Factors such as sickness, loss of lives and jobs, and remote working heavily impact mental health. During the Covid lockdown, the food chain supply and exercise routine were interrupted. Therefore, studying the effects of dietary and exercise patterns on the mental health of men and women pre-Covid, during Covid, and post-Covid may provide significant insight into the effect of these modulators on mental health. In this study, we performed an event-based difference-in-difference study based on exercise and dietary patterns, then computed the probability of being in moderate or severe mental health disorder states. Our results show that, in total, women's mental health was more affected by Covid-19. Also, having a sedentary lifestyle will increase the risk of having moderate or severe mental health for both males and females. Moreover, factors like increasing the frequency of consuming breakfast, sleep duration, exercise type, and consuming seafood were inversely associated with mental health disorders, while the distance to the gym, consuming fast food, caffeine intake, and HGI food were directly related to mental health disorders in men and women during weekdays and weekends.
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Danesharasteh, Anseh and Begdache, Lina, "The Effect of Exercise and Dietary Patterns on Mental Health Disorder before, during, and late COVID-19 on Males and Females" (2022). Research Days Posters 2022. 14.