B cells Using Calcium Signaling for Specific and Rapid Detection of Escherichia coli O-157:H-7

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food-borne pathogens; united-states; foodborne illness; biosensor;receptor; assay; activation; o157-h7; immunosensor; components


A rapid and sensitive detection technology is highly desirable for specific detection of E. coli O-157:H-7, one of the leading bacterial pathogens causing foodborne illness. In this study, we reported the rapid detection of E. coli O-157: H-7 by using calcium signaling of the B cell upon cellular membrane anchors anti-E. coli O-157: H-7 IgM. The binding of E. coli O-157:H-7 to the IgM on B cell surface activates the B cell receptor (BCR)-induced Ca2+ signaling pathway and results in the release of Ca2+ within seconds. The elevated intracellular Ca2+ triggers Fura-2, a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator, for reporting the presence of pathogens. The Fura-2 is transferred to B cells before detection. The study demonstrated that the developed B cell based biosensor was able to specifically detect E. coli O-157:H-7 at the low concentration within 10 min in pure culture samples. Finally, the B cell based biosensor was used for the detection of E. coli O-157:H-7 in ground beef samples. With its short detection time and high sensitivity at the low concentration of the target bacteria, this B cell biosensor shows promise in future application of the high throughput and rapid food detection, biosafety and environmental monitoring.