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Congestion Control ; Active Queue Management ; Event-Driven Feedback Control


Active queue management (AQM) is investigated to avoid incipient congestion in gateways to complement congestion control run by the transport layer protocol such as the TCP. Most existing work on AQM can be categorized as (1) ad-hoc event-driven control and (2) time-driven feedback control approaches based on control theory. Ad hoc event-driven approaches for congestion control, such as RED (random early detection), lack a mathematical model. Thus, it is hard to analyze their dynamics and tune the parameters. Time-driven control theoretic approaches based on solid mathematical models have drawbacks too. As they sample the queue length and run AQM algorithm at every fixed time interval, they may not be adaptive enough to an abrupt load surge. Further, they can be executed unnecessarily often under light loads due to the time-driven nature. To seamlessly integrate the advantages of both event-driven and control-theoretic time-driven approaches, we present an event-driven feedback control approach based on formal control theory. As our approach is based on a mathematical model, its performance is more analyzable and predictable than ad hoc event-driven approaches are. Also, it is more reactive to dynamic load changes due to its event-driven nature. Our simulation results show that our event-driven controller effectively maintains the queue length around the specified set-point. It achieves shorter E2E (end-to-end) delays and smaller E2E delay fluctuations than several existing AQM approaches, which are ad hoc event-driven and based on time-driven control theory, while achieving almost the same E2E delays and E2E delay fluctuations as the two other advanced control theoretic AQM approaches. Further, our AQM algorithm is invoked much less frequently than the tested baselines


Suzer, Kang, & Basaran. (2011). Active queue management via event-driven feedback control. Computer Communications, Computer Communications.



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