Document Type


Date of Award



Correspondant, Catholic church, France, 19th century, Intellectual life

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Romance Languages and Literatures

First Advisor

Eliane Jasenas

Second Advisor

Giovanni Gullace

Third Advisor

Sandro Sticca


Several studies have been written on the treatment of literature in French periodicals. The importance of these studies has been stressed by Claude Pichois and André M. Rousseau in La Littérature comparée, although the authors were referring particularly to journals destined for the grand public. Still the Correspondant fits in with the reviews like L'Année littéraire, discussed by the text. The informative value of such periodicals is clearly emphasized with relation to the general knowledge of a writer and the period that is available there. In fact the authors will state later:

Au dix-neuvième siècle le certificat de la connaissance d'un auteur étranger en France est fourni par l'insertion d'un article sur cet auteur dans la Revue des Deux Mondes dont la table analytique est d'une consultation révélatrice. (72)

Some studies have focused on the treatment of literature in French periodicals during the first part of the nineteenth century. For example, Bernard Petit studied the prose fiction published and criticized in the Mercure de France during a selected period in the eighteenth century. Helen Maxwell King studied a journal during the Restoration period, and Kathryn L. Wood studied the Gazette de France between 1830 and 1848.

Few studies, however, have dealt with literature in journals during the later part of the nineteenth century. The purpose of the following study is to present and to analyze, in relation to the historical and social picture of the time, the coverage of French literature at the end of the nineteenth century in the most important Catholic liberal periodical, the Correspondant.