Date of Award

4-10-2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Sociology

First Advisor

Benita Roth

Abstract

The debates on the historical processes of agrarian transition and the experiences of rural women in these processes have never lost their appeal for sociological study, although the studies have focused on the political economy of development and rural women in development in the 1960s and 1970s and have then shifted to microeconomics, power relations, and the formations ofsubjectivities since the 1980s. This thesis develops a framework, which helps analysis of the global and local processes of agrarian transition across gender and class lines in Turkey in the 1960s. In the existing literature, it was generally assumed that petty commodity production deployed itself and rural poverty and class inequalities abandoned in Turkey after World War Two. By testing this hypothesis, this dissertation illustrates the negative impacts of the global economic development project, the GreenRevolution, on landless peasant women in two Aegean villages, Göllüce and Atalan, in Turkey by focusing on the changing material conditions of production, the genderless class-based organization of land occupations, state policies targeting rural women, mutually constitutive relations between patriarchies and agrarian capitalism and competitive party politics and political reactions to the mobilization of women through land occupations and women`s resistance to all of these factors. These factors and women`s agencies are interpreted by using two-part theoretical model that combines the insights of feminist Marxists and intersectional theorists to present a grounded and coherent analysis.

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