Sustainability, municipal policy, environmental governance
Polycentric theory, as applied to sustainability policy adoption, contends that municipalities will act independently to provide public services that protect the environment. Our multilevel regression analysis of survey responses from 1,497 municipalities across the United States challenges that notion. We find that internal drivers of municipal action are insufficient. Lower policy adoption is explained by capacity constraints. More policymaking occurs in states with a multilevel governance framework supportive of local sustainability action. Contrary to Fischel’s homevoter hypothesis, we find large cities and rural areas show higher levels of adoption than suburbs (possibly due to free riding within a metropolitan region).
The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Urban Affairs Review, Volume 51 issue 1, in 2015, published by SAGE Publishing, All rights reserved.
To access the full article follow the link: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1078087414530545
Homsy, G. C., & Warner, M. E. (2015). Cities and sustainability polycentric action and multilevel governance. Urban Affairs Review, 51(1), 46-73.