Great Sexpectations: Analyzing the Influence of Expectation and Desire on Sexual Behaviors Performed in Hookups
Sexual acts performed in college hookups are determined by a variety of factors. A significant problem is that culturally driven taboos cloud open communication during hookups leading to unexpressed expectations. These unexpressed expectations play a large role in sexual decision-making. Ideally, hookup partners would only engage in acts they desire, but culturally driven expectations are powerful forces, and may lead to the performance of less-preferred acts. Norm driven expectations develop into persistent sexual scripts that young adults follow closely. Moreover, the influence of expectations may be gendered due to sex role traditionality. Implications for hookup behavior are discussed.
Gabriella Bayshtok, Sabina Bayshtok, and Kristen Prior
"The introduction of a species into a new area that becomes invasive can change the dynamics of an ecosystem. By exploiting new resources, invasive species can easily integrate into native communities, altering the abundance, richness, and diversity of native species. Removing invasive species is an essential management practice for restoring ecosystems, and maintaining and conserving native communities is a major conservation goal. However, we do not know if removing invaders allows for the recovery of communities of native species. For example, removing an invasive species can lead to the increase in other exotic species (“surprise effects”) that could prevent the recovery of native species in communities (Zavaleta et al. 2001)."
Thinking about conservation targets: recovery of complex versus simple ecological systems from invasive species management
Megan Blance, Tim Morris, and Kristen Prior
"Introduced species are species that are moved into new regions via trade or traffic. Some of these species become invasive, having devastating impacts on the ecosystems they invade. Alleviating the impacts of invasive species to facilitate the restoration of ecological systems is a major conservation goal. Conservation goals include restoring populations of native species of conservation concern, native biodiversity, and ecosystem function. Removing the invader and allowing for passive ecological recovery is the most common management practice. However, we should not assume that ecological systems will recover with invasive species management (Zavaletaetal.2001)."
The Benefits of SWIR Imagery for Archaeological Landscape Analysis: A Case Study from Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Chile
Dylan Davis and Carl Lipo
"The use of multispectral imagery is particularly effective for mapping the archaeological record of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) due to the island’s lack of vegetation and exposed surficial lithic features. In 2010, Flaws demonstrated that near-infrared (NIR) imagery can be used to identify “lithic mulch” gardens, areas of cultivation that are enhanced through the prehistoric addition of broken bedrock. Here, we evaluate newly available, high-resolution short-wave infrared (SWIR) imagery for its potential to provide additional resolution and discrimination in mapping “lithic mulch” features."
Dylan Davis and Carl P. Lipo
Costly signaling theory (CST) explains a variety of elaborate behavioral displays as a consequence of competition over resources when the risk of direct conflict is high. Within an archaeological context, monumental architecture is potentially explained as a facet of costly signaling between individuals and groups. On Rapa Nui, CST offers an explanation for the construction of labor-intensive monuments including massive statues (moai) and ceremonial platforms (ahu). Using hypotheses derived from CST and spatial data about the distribution of archaeological features, the degree to which CST accounts for the investment in prehistoric monumental architecture on Rapu Nui is evaluated.
The Friend zone: An In/inite Place Where Nothing Good Happens: A Comprehensive Study of Friend zoning Across Varying Genders and Sexual Orientations
Lillian Harrington, Allison Butler, Mariel Boyle, Taylor Goodman, Shai Katz, Morgan Cinnamo, Ann M. Merriwether, and Sean Massey
"“Friend zone” is a popular culture term used to describe a friendship where one member in a friend dyad desires a romantic or sexual relationship and the other member does not. Sexual Script Theory (Simon & Gagnon, 2003) and Sexual Strategies Theory (Buss & Schmidt, 1993) suggest that individuals will typically view the friend zone as a Qield dominated by female-to-male interactions, given sexual scripts on women as gatekeepers and men as being more active in initiating relationships. It may be expected then that men and women and individuals who are not exclusively heterosexual may then follow different scripts for making and negotiating friend zone choices. There is very little data available concerning instances of the use of the term friend zone in same-sex friendship interactions. Individuals are typically expected to have relationships that conform to the heteronormative script, so most people are resistant to the thought of being attracted to others of the same sex (Lamb, 2004). Because of this, many “best friendships” between those of the same sex have been used as protection against claims of same-sex attraction/relationships (Lamb, 2004). Given the lack of research on same-sex friend zoning, as well as the restrictive nature of heteronormative scripts, the current study explores the practice of friend zoning within same-sex friendships."
Learning your ABCDs: Asset-Based Community Development through Education Abroad and Community Engaged Research in Rural Malawi
Jennifer Wapinski, Lisa V. Blitz, and Denise Yull
"The project is a partnership with the Malawi Children’s Mission (MCM), a feeding center and primary school that provides health care and emotional support services to 150 children who have been orphaned and their families in the rural villages of M'bwana, Jamali, and Mwazama. Asset-based community development (ABCD; Kretzman & McKnight, 1996) was used in the context of community engaged research to establish a sustainable university-assisted component of MCM through education abroad. ABCD relies upon individual and collective strengths and resources of community members to address the problems they define as needing attention, and has been used successfully in sub-Saharan Africa (Yeneabat & Butterfield, 2012). This project demonstrates how small scale community development informed by ABCD is an ethical and empowering approach that aims to reduce dependency on formal systems by using the talents and resources of the people to build a sense of hope and promote wellbeing and social and economic health. Binghamton University students and faculty took initial steps in ABCD during an education abroad trip to Malawi in 2016."
Is it Possible to Change the Way College Students Think About Stress? The Benefits of a Stress Management Course
Jennifer Wegmann, Rachel A. Moshman, and Lily Rubin
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a stress management course on college students’ stress mindsets. Stress mindset encompasses the beliefs one holds about stress. Those who view stress as beneficial have a stress-is-enhancing mindset, while those who view stress as detrimental have a stress-is-debilitating mindset. Subjects enrolled in a physical activity course (control group, n=25) and a stress management course (n=24) possessed a neutral stress mindset at baseline. Students in the intervention group showed a significant shift to a more stress-is-enhancing mindset by the end of the semester. Students in the control group did not show any significant changes in stress mindset over the course of the semester. Additionally, we analyzed the relationships between personality traits and baseline stress mindset and found significant correlations. However, no relationships existed when personality and changes in stress mindset were analyzed.
Carle Jordan Wirshba, Christopher Bartlette, and Valdimir Miskovic
* To explore the impact of visual titles on the emotional perception within a piece of chamber music.
* Will the visual stimuli of text alter, enhance, or change the aural stimuli of the music in terms of an individual’s emotional response?