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The rapidly emerging field of critical disinformation studies has typically analyzed case studies post-2016, a limited lens relative to the grand scope of the historical playing field. However deeper research into the origins of older cases of disinformation provides the chance to break through the surface of how disinformation propagates, expands, and dies off, just as any other living thing. Decades old cases of disinformation, such as the Protocols of the Elders of Zion and its origins, allow us to identify how disinformation has adapted to a rapidly changing social, political, and global landscape. My research project analyzes texts from scholars of the time, such as Norman Cohn’s Warrant for Genocide, in order to gain an adequate perspective from the time period. Then, through the juxtaposition of a current day perspective including the views of modern critical disinformation scholars, the field will be able to identify similarities within disinformation across time periods. These two separate events of how disinformation propagation has evolved across a century will highlight the main pathways that disinformation utilizes to seamlessly fit into society, hiding under the radar and pulling the strings of society. Then I intend to make predictions as to how disinformation will continue to evolve and allow us as critical disinformation scholars to easily identify future forms of disinformation.



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The Protocols of the Elders of Zion: Perspectives and Pathways to Identifying Present Disinformation Campaigns