There are over 30,000 parts in a typical passenger car and every single part is at high risk or made with Uyghur forced labor, implicating over 96 international car companies such as Tesla, Volkswagen, Ford, Mercedes Benz, Honda, and, GM. The Chinese government has deliberately shifted raw materials mining and processing and auto parts manufacturing into the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR or Uyghur Region), essentially making international supply chains captive to repressive programs and systematic forced labor. The 78-page report is broken down into Steel, Aluminum, Copper, Nickel, Batteries, Car electronics, and Other Car Parts. This investigation has led to an ongoing Senate Inquiry into 8 major automotive companies, the US and Japan launching an international task force on forced labor in supply chains, an investigation into forced labor at Volkswagen, and has been referenced repeatedly by every major news outlet except the BBC.
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Rabkin, Mia; Murphy, Laura; Salcito, Kendyl; and Uluyol, Yalkun, "Driving Force: Automotive Supply Chains and Forced Labor in the Uyghur Region" (2023). Research Days Posters 2023. 78.