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Developing nations are undergoing a health transition alongside rapid economic modernization. Vanuatu is experiencing such a transition marked by decreased cases of infectious disease and increased incidence of chronic and non-communicable diseases. Aneityum is a small island in Vanuatu and is behind more developed islands in its transition. This research sought to continue tracking the population health on Aneityum, analyze health differences between sexes, and compare findings to previous data in Vanuatu. In July and August of 2023, adult males [n=41] and females [n=62] were surveyed and had their anthropometric measurements taken. Mean anthropometric measurements continued to be significantly greater among women than men (P-value < 0.05). Women exhibited higher rates of obesity in all metrics, while men remained relatively unchanged. This poster provides valuable insights into the state of Vanuatu's health in its transitional period and a greater understanding of the interplay between sexes and health.



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Rapid Increase of Female but not Male Obesity: Analysis of the 2023 Vanuatu Health Transition Project Survey on Aneityum