Publication Date


Document Type



The urban Gowanus canal in Brooklyn, NY and the semi-rural portions of the Susquehanna and Chenango rivers in Binghamton, NY are polluted commercial water systems that feed into major waterways: the river complex into the Chesapeake Bay and the Gowanus into the New York Bay. The Vestal water supply well, the Endicott Village well, and the Gowanus canal are the corresponding EPA superfund sites, complete with lists of pollutants and a corresponding American Chemical Society breakdown of the risks of the specific pollutant. The shared pollutants were sorted into one of six categories: halogenated hydrocarbons, ketones, aromatic hydrocarbons (with a subcategory for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), phthalates, metals, and other persistent organic pollutants. In addition to the risk of human health, the cost of the cleanup procedure of the categories was also analyzed, with an estimated total cost of complete disposal determined as well, ultimately comparing urban and rural pollutant disposal.



Download Full Text (278 KB)

Pollutant Mitigation in the Gowanus Canal and the Susquehanna and Chenango rivers