Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 2002


Gender, Labor Policy, Social Politics, Welfare States, Labor Inducements, Authoritarianism, El Salvador


Unlike much of the gender and welfare literature, this study examines why a regime that constrains pressure from below would adopt gendered social policies. The Salvadoran case (1944-1972) suggests that political instability rather than societal pressures may prompt semi-authoritarian regimes to adopt gendered labor reforms. We extend the motivations for adopting gendered labor reforms to include co-opting labor by examining gendered labor reforms in the context of El Salvador’s historically contingent labor strategy. This gendered analysis helps explain how a semi-authoritarian regime secured political stability and reveals the special appeal gendered labor reforms may have to semi-authoritarian regimes.

Publisher Attribution

This article has been published in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society. Published by Oxford University Press.

Included in

Sociology Commons



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