Gender, Labor Policy, Social Politics, Welfare States, Labor Inducements, Authoritarianism, El Salvador
Unlike much of the gender and welfare literature, this study examines why a regime that constrains pressure from below would adopt gendered social policies. The Salvadoran case (1944-1972) suggests that political instability rather than societal pressures may prompt semi-authoritarian regimes to adopt gendered labor reforms. We extend the motivations for adopting gendered labor reforms to include co-opting labor by examining gendered labor reforms in the context of El Salvador’s historically contingent labor strategy. This gendered analysis helps explain how a semi-authoritarian regime secured political stability and reveals the special appeal gendered labor reforms may have to semi-authoritarian regimes.
This article has been published in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society. Published by Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/sp/9.2.248
Gates, Leslie C. and Griffith, Kati L., "A State’s Gendered Response to Political Instability: Gendering Labor Policy in Semi-Authoritarian El Salvador (1944-1972)" (2002). Sociology Faculty Scholarship. 7.