Author ORCID Identifier 0000-0001-5782-202X

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Book Chapter

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time; space; eternal now; absolute nothingness; consciousness


Japanese-English Translation: Nishida Kitarō––“Self-Determination of the Eternal Now” (July 1931) 「永遠の今の自己限定」、西田幾多郎著(昭和六年七月)

§1 of 4; Complete Draft (Supersedes Draft of 2 Jan 2019)

Translated from the Japanese by Christopher Southward; Revision and Expansion Underway, October 2023


Nishida Kitarō's complete body of work is copyright-free and available for use in the public domain. The current text is available at the following copy-and-paste Kyoto University Research Information Repository link:



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