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Saprobic; growing in moss under conifers and sometimes hardwoods, often growing on decaying conifer logs covered with moss. This specimen was collected in mossy leaf-litter under conifer trees. This species can be found through summer and fall and is widely distributed throughout Northeast America and Canada. This species grows alone or scattered. It has a distinctive pointed cap and vibrant orange-yellow color. Its cap is 1-3 cm wide with a bright salmon-orange color that fades to dirty yellow-orange with age and is sticky when young. This species’ gills are attached to the stem, distant, often short, and have the same color as the cap when it is young. Similar to the gills and cap, this species’ stem is salmon colored, although often a darker or dirtier shade. The stem is 4-10 cm long, 2 mm thick, hollow, and fragile. At the base of its stem, this species has a white to soft orange basal mycelium that connects to surrounding moss or leaf-litter. Additionally, this species has no distinctive odor or taste, is KOH negative, and has a pink spore print. This species is also known as Entoloma quadratum, Rhodophyllus lactifluus, Inocephalus quadratus and Nolanea quadrata as there is debate over this taxa and overlapping similarities (Kuo 2014). In order to properly understand how these species overlap and are morphologically similar, molecular research is needed. Having a singular species thought to include others from different genera is unusual and should be subject to further investigation. This may suggest that the phylogenetic relationships between these genera and species is convoluted and inaccurate. ID number:


Location: East Brook Valley, Walton, NY (TC- Tsuga Creek)

Entoloma salmoneum