Author ORCID Identifier

Document Type


Date of Award

Spring 5-2-2023


music, motivational music, torque, strength, exertion, enjoyment, knee, physical therapy

Degree Name

Integrative Neuroscience (BS)



First Advisor

Dr. Vipul Lugade

Second Advisor

Dr. Sung Joo Lim

Third Advisor

Dr. Emily Zale


Science and Mathematics

Subject Heading(s)

Music -- Physiological effect ; Knee injuries -- rehabilitation ; Knee joint -- physiology


There is a general consensus in previous and current literature that the incorporation of music in exercise has the potential to benefit performance (Karageorghis 2020; Terry et al. 2019). Research on the potential benefits of music in rehabilitative exercise has become more prevalent but has mainly focused on music and the rehabilitation of neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease or stroke (Craig et al. 2015; De Bartolo et al. 2020; Grau-Sánchez et al. 2022; Katlen da Silva et al. 2021; Särkämö 2018). Research in a more general rehabilitative setting has not been explored as widely and this is the aim of the current study. A total of 28 college-aged individuals were randomly assigned into two groups, a music or a no-music group, and asked to participate in rehabilitative exercises with or without motivational music (a rhythm of 120 bpm or more; Karageorghis 2020). Peak knee extensor and flexor torque were measured and analyzed between groups (Biodex® Quick Set Dynamometer System 3). The effects of music were evaluated across three speeds in isokinetic testing: 60, 180, and 300 degrees per second to see if music had an effect across different speeds. If music produces higher values of peak torque, clinicians may be able to increase strength output simply with the addition of music. This study additionally attempted to take a more interdisciplinary approach by also including a psychophysical measure of perceived exertion and a psychological measure of enjoyment. No significance was found between groups for measurements of peak torque, perceived exertion, and enjoyment. However, as more research is revealed about the potential benefits of music on exercise and rehabilitation, future research is encouraged and may reveal differing results.